Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that comes in two types of nutrients – tocopherols and tocotrienols. It's primarily known for its strong antioxidant properties, helping to protect the body's cells from damage caused by oxidative stress. Found in a variety of foods, but particularly oils like wheat germ and rice bran, Vitamin E is a vital nutrient that our bodies need to maintain good health.
The need to know
What are the benefits?
Supports liver and heart health
Strengthens immune response
Vitamin E's primary function is its role as a lipid-soluble antioxidant. It is integrated into the cell membrane, protecting polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), like omega-3, from peroxidation by free radicals. This is crucial because PUFAs are vital cell membrane components, and their oxidation can lead to cell damage or death.
Moreover, Vitamin E can also inhibit protein kinase C (PKC) activity, an enzyme involved in cell proliferation and differentiation, thus playing a potential role in preventing diseases such as cancer.
Tocotrienols, a specific type of Vitamin E, have been shown to possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, neuroprotective, skin-protective and cholesterol-lowering properties, which are often superior to tocopherols. This is likely due to their better distribution in the lipid layers of the cell membrane.
However, it's worth noting that tocotrienols are less studied than tocopherols, so while early research is promising, more studies are needed to understand their role and benefits fully.
How will I know its working?
You may experience improvements in skin health, including more radiant, resilient skin. It's harder to discern the internal benefits, but knowing you're supplying your body with a potent antioxidant to neutralise harmful free radicals is beneficial.
When to take it?
Take 1 tablet daily with food and water, unless specified otherwise on the sachet.
Serving Size 1 Vegetarian Capsule
Per Serving% Daily
* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet.
† Daily Value not established.
While tocopherols are found in many commonly consumed foods, tocotrienols are less commonly ingested due to their primary presence in less-commonly consumed oils.
Despite being a fat-soluble vitamin, it is generally considered non-toxic and does not accumulate to dangerous levels in the body as some other fat-soluble vitamins can.
Vitamin E’s role in skin health has become a popular ingredient in skincare brands. Getting it from the inside is a better way to boost levels.
Publications you might find interesting
Want to go a bit deeper?
The latest research
1. Traber, M. G., & Atkinson, J. (2007). Vitamin E, antioxidant and nothing more. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 43(1), 4-15.
2. Jiang, Q. (2014). Natural forms of vitamin E: metabolism, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities and their role in disease prevention and therapy. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 72, 76-90.
3. Sen, C. K., Khanna, S., & Roy, S. (2006). Tocotrienols in health and disease: the other half of the natural vitamin E family. Molecular Aspects of Medicine, 28(5-6), 692-728.
4. Aggarwal, B. B., Sundaram, C., Prasad, S., & Kannappan, R. (2010). Tocotrienols, the vitamin E of the 21st century: its potential against cancer and other chronic diseases. Biochemical Pharmacology, 80(11), 1613-1631.
5. Patel, V., Rink, C., Gordillo, G. M., Khanna, S., Gnyawali, U., Roy, S., ... & Sen, C. K. (2012). Oral tocotrienols are transported to human tissues and delay the progression of the model for end-stage liver disease score in patients. The Journal of Nutrition, 142(3), 513-519.
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